Style Guide #4: An Insiders Guide to Knowing your Fabrics

100% Cotton. 100% Natural

Goondiwindi Cotton is an Australian owned and operated family farming business specialising in the use of natural fibres. For over 30 years, Goondiwindi Cotton has designed their seasonal collection using a mix of finely woven and blended cottons to create collections that women love to wear all year round. Here is a quick insiders guide to 'knowing your fabrics'...

(Above: Goondiwindi Cotton Head Office)

What is Cotton?
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a boll. It is grown on a plant, and every part of the plant is used, there is no waste.

Whilst the fibre is the primary reason for growing the cotton, the seeds are also used for animal feed and to make Cotton Seed Oil for cooking. The plant stalks are tiled back into the ground after harvesting.

The fibre is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make soft breathable textiles. The strength of cotton is achieved through spinning multiple fibres into yarn, this yarn is then woven into fabric.Does Cotton Shrink?
As a natural fibre it is normal for Cotton to shrink. 

We pre shrink all of our Knit Fabrics, in order to minimise this. If washed in Cold water and dried naturally, on the line or on a hanger as a rule you should not see any more than 2-5% shrinkage in your garment, and most of this will occur in the length.  

In almost all of our knit styles we allow a little extra on the length of our garments to allow for this.

What is Pima Cotton?
Pima Cotton is a high end type of Cotton with a longer fibre than conventional cotton. It represents less than 1% of all cotton grown in the world.

Pima Cotton yarn has a reputation for producing a smooth fabric that is soft to the touch, wrinkle resistant, and ultra durable. 
Pima Cotton can appear brighter than regular cotton, as it holds colour really well, and can almost have a shine to it.

Similar to Egyptian Cotton that is used in high end bed linen, it is a luxury fibre that improves the quality and life of a garment. 
Pima Cotton is grown in the USA, Australia and South America. We use Pima Cotton in some of our Tee and Polo’s.
(Above: AW19 Navy 100% Pima Cotton Long Sleeve Polo)

What is Pique?
Pique or Marcella was created in the 18th Century by the Lancashire Cotton Industry.  Pique is a material that is characterised by raised parallel cords or geometric design in the fabric creating a fine ribbing effect.

This gives the material a subtle pattern, which can only be seen close up.

This fabric is now largely used in Mens and Womens Polo Shirts. 
The Polo Shirt was created by Rene Lacoste in 1926, initially as a comfortable shirt to wear when playing tennis.

What is Slub Cotton?
A slub yarn is a yarn that has thicker areas throughout the length of the yarn, when this yarn is woven into fabric it will appear to have slight lumps or knots and knobbles throughout the fabric.

These imperfections are characteristic of Slub Cotton fabric, and are left in the yarn purposely with the intention of  giving the fabric an organic tactile look and feel.

(Above: AW20 cloth+paper+scissors 100% Slub Cotton Long Sleeve Striped Tee's)

What is Linen?
Linen is a fabric made from the fibres of the stem of a flax plant. The fibre is very strong and absorbent, and dries faster than Cotton. 

It is soft and breathable and garments made from Linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot and humid weather.

We garment wash all of our Linen garments so that they have a soft feel and are easier to iron. 
Linen is known to be the world's strongest fabric.

Flax is cultivated around the world not only for its fine, strong fibres, but also for its seeds, which are rich in nutrients
 such as dietary fibre and omega-3 fatty acids. Flax oil is also a popular drying oil amongst oil painters.

(Above: SS19 White 100% Linen 3/4 Sleeve Blouse with Ties)

What is Merino Wool?
Merino Wool comes from Merino Sheep. Renowned for its exceptional properties, such as fantastic softness, shine and breathability.It is finer than other wool varieties and therefore encounters less pilling.

The Merino Sheep originated from Spain dating back to the 12th Century. Today however Australia produces 80% of the world's Merino Wool.

All types of wool are fantastic insulators and they have many natural properties which make them excellent candidates for quality clothing. Wool is breathable allowing it to retain heat which is great for the likes of coats, knitwear and socks. Wool yarn blends well with other fabrics whether they are natural, such as cashmere and cotton, or synthetic allowing for a wide range of options.

Wool is water resistant which makes it stand out against a great many other natural fabrics thanks to a water-repellent outer layer. Each individual fibre can hold up to 30% of their own weight in moisture without getting damp.

Wool naturally has many sought after characteristics which make it an ideal material. Combine this with the very fine nature of Merino Wool and you have a highly desirable material. This very fine fibre makes Merino wool much softer against the skin and more luxurious to wear than traditional wool types. Another benefit for using Merino in clothing is that it will not itch or irritate the skin.

(Above: AW20 Lichen 55% Merino Wool / 45% Cotton Random Spot Jumper)

To see our AW20 collection featuring this season's range of natural fibres, click here.